Criminal Offence Outcomes – Terminology

May 1, 2016

Everyone should have a general understanding of common criminal law terms and their basic meanings, as they relate to potential outcomes. You never know when you might make an error in judgement and be charged with a criminal offence. Should you ever be charged with a criminal offence, it is highly recommended you contact a criminal defence lawyer in Mississauga to protect your rights.

Peace Bond
For certain offences, the Crown sometimes offers the accused the option of a peace bond. This outcome is where the accused has to adhere to specific conditions, such as no additional criminal offences in a set period, no contact with a named individual, etc. Upon entering the peace bond, the charge is withdrawn and no criminal conviction is registered.

Summary Offence
Summary offences are less serious offences that have less severe penalties, like shoplifting. These types of offences remain in the Ontario Court of Justice.

Indictable Offence
Indictable offences are more serious criminal offences that carry more severe penalties. Some examples are Robbery, Theft Over $5000, and Trafficking in Controlled Substances.

Hybrid Offence
For these types of offences, the Accused is given an “election” as to mode of Trial (Ontario Court of Justice verses Superior Court of Justice). Offences that are considered moderately serious are often hybrid offences and include Fraud Under $5000, certain assault offences, minor drug possession offences, drinking and driving offences and failure to comply offences.

Absolute/Conditional Discharges
A discharge results in a finding of guilt but does not form a criminal record. An Absolute Discharge has no probation order, whereas a Conditional Discharge always has an attached Probation Order.

DISCLAIMER: The above information is not intended as actual legal advice. If you or a loved one has been charged with a criminal offence, please feel free to contact Passi & Patel criminal lawyers in Mississauga, Milton, and Brampton to arrange a no-obligation consultation to discuss your legal matter in further detail by calling 647-898-8018 today.