Incest – S. 155 of the Criminal Code of Canada
It is prohibited to engage in sexual activity/ intercourse with a person whom one knows is related to himself or herself by blood. A blood relationship includes: a parent, child, brother, sister, or grandparent.
Invitation to Sexual Touching – S. 152 of the Criminal Code of Canada
Any act of inviting, counselling or inciting a person under the age of 16 to touch directly or indirectly any persons’ body for a sexual purpose commits the offence of Invitation to Sexual Touching.
Luring a Child – S. 172.1 of the Criminal Code of Canada
Luring a Child is defined as: utilizing any means of communication, for the purpose of facilitating a sexual offence enumerated in the Criminal Code of Canada, with a person who is or believed to be under the age of 18. ‘Facilitating’ in the context of this offence, means any action that would assist in the commission of a prohibited sexual offence.
Sexual Interference – S. 151 of the Criminal Code of Canada
Sexual Interference is defined as: a person who for a ‘sexual purpose, touches either with a part of the body or an object, directly or indirectly, a person under the age of 16’. Actual physical touching is not required to establish the offence.
Sexual Exploitation – S. 153 of the Criminal Code of Canada
This offence is predicated on the accused being in a position of trust and/or authority with the complainant. Where a person in a position of trust towards a young person, exploits that young person for a sexual purpose by touching them directly or indirectly, or inviting, counselling or inciting the young person to touch directly or indirectly any person, including the person inciting the offence. Relationships of trust include parents, step-parents, legal guardian, adoptive parents, an aunt/uncle, teacher, babysitter, social worker etc.
Voyeurism – S. 162 of the Criminal Code of Canada
Voyeurism is committed where an accused surreptitiously observes and/or records a person, and/or where the recording is made for a sexual purpose, where such a person would have a reasonable expectation of privacy. An example of where covert observation or recording is prohibited is where one would reasonably be expected to be nude (washroom or public changing room), or where a person is engaged in sexual activity. Reproduction and distribution of any material obtained through surreptitious recording are prohibited under this section of the Criminal Code of Canada.